Brief Introduction 简介

新德里
康诺特广场
是为欧洲人和富有的印度人所设立的购物中心。形状像一个巨大的甜甜圈中央花园中心。广场的特征是广大有列柱阳台,整个建筑物里外互通,并且有8条马路从广场散发去。 康诺特广场座落于新德里北边,广场中央为喷泉水池,夏季时有照明设备。喷泉周围林木扶疏,地下建有公共厕所,是市民日常休憩的公园。
 

劳得公园
劳得公园有印度Sayyid和Lodhi时期的建筑,包括墓碑,清真寺和桥。其中Sayyid和Lodhi时期的墓是八边形墓的代表。这个公园适合早上散步。

 
甘地陵
位于新德里东郊朱木拿河畔,是印度国父“圣雄”甘地的陵墓。陵园呈凹形,在陵园正中,静卧着一座黑色大理石陵墓,它是一个普通的正方形平台的样子,高约1米,长宽约3米。墓后是盏长明灯,昼夜不熄,这是印度争取民族独立精神的象征。陵墓正面刻有印度文:“嗨!罗摩!”这是甘地遇难倒地时喊出的最后两个字,罗摩是印度史诗《罗摩衍那》里的英雄,被认为是印度教中保护之神毗湿奴的化身。陵墓没有任何装饰,极其普通、简朴。然而,每逢节假日,便吸引无数身着白色民族装的人们从四面八方赶来,深切地悼念陵园的主人。

印度门
在主权大道东端,为纪念第一次世界大战阵亡的印度军人而建,后纪念印巴武装冲突和中印边界冲突中阵亡的印军。印度门高48 .7米,宽21.3米,拱门高42米。顶端有一个圆石盆,是一盏大油灯。每到重大节日,盆内盛满灯油,夜间燃起1米多高的火焰。印度门建筑墙壁上刻着印度和英国官兵名字约9万多个。每年1月26日是印度共和日,印度阅兵式在印度门举行。
 
贾玛清真寺
在老德里城区,是印度最大的清真寺,寺庙中的院子可容纳25000名信众。寺庙修建于1644年,是印度国王沙加汉最后的建筑奢侈品。他还曾经下令修建过泰姬陵和红堡。寺庙装饰华丽,有三个大门,四座塔,两个40米高的宣礼塔。游客可以在北门租宗教服饰。对于穆斯林来说,贾玛清真寺是必去的地方。

 
红堡
是一座红色砂岩筑就的城堡,建于17世纪中叶,由莫卧儿王朝第五代君主沙贾汗修建并把首都从阿格拉迁到德里。红堡长915米,宽518米,主门名为拉赫尔门。由于几经战乱,今日的红堡尽管失去了昔日的华丽,但拉合尔门的雄伟气势还在,巍巍的红色城墙还有,部分基本结构完好的宫殿似乎还可以窥探出昔日的辉煌气派。红堡的拉赫尔门(Lahore Gate)正对着的路就是老德里著名的商业街旧市街(Chandni Chowk)。
 
胡马雍陵
建于1556年,是莫卧儿王朝国王胡马雍的陵墓。这是一座宏伟的花园陵墓,最显著的特征是花园的设计。其主体建筑由红色砂岩构筑,陵体呈方形,四面为门,陵顶呈半圆形。整个建筑庄严宏伟,为印度乃至世界建筑史上的精品。
 
简塔·曼塔天文台
天文台于1724年由斋普尔的Maharaja Jai Singh建立。当时的天文学家用这台仪器测量天文数据,编成一本书Zij Muhammad Shahi并将此书献给当时统治者。天文台的主要用途是测量每日的时间,准确度达到半秒。还可测量太阳等天体的运行情况。天文台的测量仪器设计精巧,但现在已无法测量出准确数据。


New Delhi
 
Connaught Place
Built in 1931, is one of Delhi’s most popular shopping centres. It also has several eating-houses. The state emporia buildings are also located in this area so are the head offices of major banks, airlines and other such things of importance to the tourist. The complex, popularly referred to as CP, is an important meeting point for all sections of people and is something. Even tourist don’t miss it for nothing else then for its architecture and the humdrum of everyday life.
 
Lodi Garden
The Mecca of all the lovers, without places to go and extra money to spend in Delhi, is the beautiful and serene Lodi Garden. It was designed over two dynasties–the Sayyids and Lodis (15-16th century)–to be a sort of everyone-take-one graveyard for their families. During the British times the garden went under the moniker of Lady Willingdon Park, all that stopped with the Independence when they reverted back to being good old Lodi garden. In 1968, the gardens were spruced and relandscaped by JA Stein and Garrett Eckbo. There are several tombs in this area. You can climb to the top of some of them. However, the steps are very steep and dark.
 

The Raj Ghat Gandhi Memorial

Raj Ghat is a green peaceful place to visit in Delhi. It’s Mahatma Ghandi’s final resting place and it’s inside a quiet well-looked after little park. The shrine itself is very simple: a raised square platform made of black marble and covered in flowers, with a perpetual flame burning at one end of it. Entrance to the memorial is free, but you must take off your shoes to go near the shrine. At the entrance there are guarded shelves where you can leave your shoes.

 

India Gate

The India Gate is a war memorial in New Delhi commemorating the Indian dead of the First World War. The India Gate today also houses the Indian Army‘s Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, the Amar Jawan Jyoti.
 

Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid is the principal mosque of Old Delhi in India. Commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, builder of the Taj Mahal, and completed in the year 1656 AD, it is one of the largest and best-known mosques in India. It is also at the beginning of a very busy and popular street in Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk.Masjid-i-Jahan Numa means "the mosque commanding a view of the world", and the name Jama Masjid is a reference to the weekly congregation observed on Friday at the mosque. The courtyard of the mosque can hold up to twenty-five thousand worshippers. The mosque also houses several relics in a closet in the north gate, including a copy of the Qur’an written on deer skin.

 

Red Fort
The Red Fort and the city of Shahjahanabad was constructed by the Emperor Shah Jahan in 1639 A.D. The fortress palace is an important focal point of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad. The planning and aesthetics of the Red Fort represent the zenith of Mughal creativity which prevailed during the reign of Emperor Shahjahan. This Fort has had many developments added on after its construction by Emperor Shahjahan. During the British period the Fort was mainly used as a cantonment and even after Independence, a significant part of the Fort remained under the control of the Army till the year 2003.
 
Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun’s tomb is a complex of buildings of Mughal architecture located in Nizamuddin east, New Delhi. In time of Slave Dynasty this land was under the KiloKheri Fort which was capital of Sultan Kequbad son of Nasiruddin(1268-1287). It encompasses the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun as well as numerous others. The complex is a World Heritage Site and the first example of this type of Mughal architecture in India. This style of mausoleum was the same that created the Taj Mahal in Agra. The tomb of Humayun was built by the orders of Hamida Banu Begum, Humayun’s widow starting in 1562. It took 8 years to build and had a Chahr Bagh Garden style in its design, the first of its kind in the region.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s